"The true meaning of life is to plant trees, under whose shade you do not expect to sit." ~ Nelson Henderson

Forests have multi-faceted and often competing roles in our world, from a renewable resource for livelihood provision of forest dwellers, to commodities for daily use of urbanites, to global carbon sinks. Forest policy, like many policy areas, is a contested terrain of these varied interests and needs. New visions and policies are required to support participatory community based approaches that offer some of the greatest potential for maintaining forest biodiversity and resilience into the future.

Action2030 is actively engaged in several research projects from which we draw insights for our analysis of forestry policy, and innovations for the future. These include long-term research in China, as well as field sites in rural Nepal, northeast India, and Brazil.

Deforestation in Yunnan, China

Deforestation in Yunnan Province, China

Related articles and policy briefs:

“The Politics of Environmental Policy—with a Himalayan Example,” by Joshua Muldavin and Piers Blaikie, Issues Policy Paper, East West Center, University of Hawaii, 2004.

"Upstream downstream, China, India: The Politics of Environment in the Himalayan Region," by Joshua Muldavin and Piers Blaikie, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 94, No. 3, September, 2004, pp. 520-548.

Policy as warrant: environment and development in the Himalayan region,” by Joshua Muldavin and Piers Blaikie, in the East-West Center Working Papers, Environmental Change, Vulnerability, and Governance Series, No. 59, East West Center, University of Hawaii, 2004.